Lack of sleep can have significant health and mental health effects on young people, and can lead to problems with learning and concentration, poor eating habits, and a range of other behaviours that are either unhealthy or undesirable.
One of the concerns, and one of the reasons for conducting this study, was to better understand pathological electronic media use by adolescents. This is a persistent pattern of media use that is not regulated or limited by the user, which interferes with other daily activities and commitments.
In total, about 10% of the young people that were surveyed, met some of the criteria for pathological electronic media use, which included internet use and online gaming. The study suggests that adolescent sleep is significantly disrupted when electronic media is used pathologically.
According to the survey, teenage boys report spending more than three-and-a-half hours every weekday on screen-based electronic media, and more than four-and-a-half hours per day on weekends. Teenage girls spend just over three hours on electronic media during weekdays, and almost three and three-quarter hours on weekends. Boys spend much more time playing video games compared with girls.
Because of the potential negative impacts of excessive media use, it is believe that it would be useful to develop public health guidelines to educate young people, parents and teachers about responsible use.